Abstract: Poland joined the European Union in 2004. Accession to the EU resulted in considerable economic, social and political advantages. It also stimulated competitive development of the Polish economy. An attempt was made in the paper to determine Poland’s competitive position against the background of other EU member states. Economic performance of EU economies at the time of global economic instability was presented. Competitiveness of Polish goods in world market and in Single European Market was studied. Investment attractiveness of Poland and the significance of the inflow of foreign capital for its development were analysed. Low level of innovativeness was considered one of major barriers for achieving a higher level of competitiveness. The results of Author’s own research were compared with the findings of World Economic Forum, Geneva and Institute for Management Development, Lausanne.
Keywords: competitiveness, Poland, European Union, foreign trade, FDI, innovativeness