The aim of this paper is to identify the medical and health policies, the socio-economic, the cultural and the governance determinants of the COVID-19 spreading in the European Union countries. The methodological approaches are the critical analysis of the relevant literature and the application of the linear regression in the EViews 10 software. There were used the EU countries with complete data in the databases in the period from February 2020 to September 2021. The linear regression was applied in order to find out the main determinants for total and new positive cases / total and new deaths. The main determinants for total positive cases are: Human Development Index, median age and life expectancy with a negative impact and aged 65 older, extreme poverty and masculinity with a positive impact. The main determinants for new positive cases are: aged 65 older, control of corruption and masculinity with a negative impact and life expectancy, median age and positivity rate with a positive impact. A similar investigation was conducted for total deaths and new deaths in order to assess the pandemic crisis. The main determinants for total deaths are Human Development Index, median age and life expectancy with a negative impact and the main determinants for new deaths are the positivity rate with a strong positive impact and the Human Development Index with a strong negative impact.
COVID-19 Determinants, Total Cases, New Cases, Total Deaths, New Deaths
ANCA TAMAȘ (2022). The Main Determinants of the Covid-19 Spreading in the European Union Countries. International Journal of Business and Management, Vol. X(1), pp. 93-117. , DOI: 10.20472/BM.2022.10.1.005
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