The purpose of this paper is to test the Kuznets Environmental Curve (KEC) hypothesis for 10 MENA (Middle East and North Africa) countries during the period 1987-2017. To do this, the translogical functional form has been adopted to estimate the relationship between Toxic Gases (TG) emissions, energy consumption and GDP per capita. The results confirm the presence of KEC, GDP per capita and energy consumption have a positive influence on TG emissions, and the presence of a feedback relationship between GDP per capita and energy consumption. As a result, the environmental framework of the selected countries improves as their level of growth has become more advanced. In addition, to reduce TG emissions, MENA countries are expected to significantly increase the use of renewable energy and a more efficient energy policy.
Economic growth, Energy Consumption, KEC, MENA countries, TG emissions.
BECHIR FRIDHI (2019). Energy Consumption and Toxic Gases Emissions: What Effects on Economic Growth in the MENA Countries?. International Journal of Business and Management, Vol. VII(2), pp. 80-93. , DOI: 10.20472/BM.2019.7.2.006
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