Landscape is a ‘meta-structure of relations between different systems’ geomorphologic, ecological, environmental, historical-cultural, aesthetic, socio-economic, territorial that includes all genetic, biological and functional relations among the components of each part of the earth’s surface. The visual quality of landscape is one of the most important factors of the interaction between humans and nature. Its measurement and evaluation is very difficult. The changing structure of the environment effects the user perceptions constantly and improvement of this visual character gains importance to meet human’s aesthetic demands and expectations. The researchers from several disciplines have been making effort for 40 years in order to understand how the visual quality of the landscapes formed and to determine which variables are effective on the visual quality. In this study, the concepts related to visual quality and visual quality assessment approaches were described. By literature studies, Information about the research results of visual quality in landscape architecture was given.
Keywords: Environmental Physiology, Landscape Architecture, User Perception, Visual Quality Assessment