Proceedings of the 34th International Academic Conference, Florence

DIFFERENCES BY GENDER ON THE SLOVAK LABOUR MARKET

EVA RIEVAJOV√Ā, ROMAN KLIMKO

Abstract:

Gender differences between men and women may manifest in any area, such as the gender inequality of men and women, as well as rights and inequalities in the labour market. In recent years, one of the issues discussed in economically advanced countries is the issue of equal opportunities for men and women in the labour market. These differences may be due to different nationality, gender, age, religion or sexual orientation. With respect to the labour market, we focused on gender discrimination, i.e. the different positions of men and women in individual labour market areas on the basis of their gender. The aim of this paper is to identify and evaluate the development of gender differences in the Slovak labour market in the context of global understanding of this issue and to determine whether these differences have a growing trend or are on the decline. Additionally, the paper set out to find in which job positions these differences are the most pronounced. The theoretical approaches and legislative norms governing the equal status of men and women are the basis for this paper. This is followed by an analysis of the development and the current status of women in the Slovak labour market.

Keywords: labour market, gender discrimination, wage differences, educational attainment, Slovakia

DOI: 10.20472/IAC.2017.034.047

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