Road traffic congestion is a major problem with rapid urbanization, increased travel demand and use of personal vehicles. In old cities of developing nations, with narrow roads and unmanaged raodside parkings, congestion problems require special attention. Parking management and pricing, including penalty for illegal parking, can go a long way in reducing congestion of the city. This paper attempts to understand the underlying factors determining level of awareness of people about congestion and its effects, their willingness to take responsibility, their perception about parking management and pricing and its effectiveness through study of perception of people of Patna, Bihar, India using structured questionnaire. Factor Analysis is done to identify the factors which can be modeled with willingness to pay.
Keywords: Road traffic congestion, Congestion pricing, Parking Management, Perception Survey, Factor Analysis