In the work, the problems connected with educating and bringing up pupils through dialogue have been considered. The first part refers to the Greek philosophical tradition preferring educating within the framework of dialogue; in such a context the best example seems to be the teaching activity of Socrates. In the second part the views of the most known representative of the so-called philosophy of dialogue, Martin Buber, have been presented and critically analyzed. The usefulness of this branch of contemporary philosophy in pedagogy was pointed to with special attention paid to the values which one can and should realize during the meeting I-You. In this context, it has been shown that virtue ethics, undergoing its revival nowadays, may be helpful in forming pupils' character. The next part of the paper refers to the extremely important function of the discussion at school, conceived as an efficient instrument of educating and bringing up pupils, particularly during the realization of the school programme in the area of humanities.
Keywords: Socratic method, philosophy of dialogue, values, humanistic education, discussion