Proceedings of the 45th International Academic Conference, London

Dear Authors, Esteemed Readers,

It is with deep satisfaction that I write this Foreword to the Proceedings of the 45th International Academic Conference held in London on May 21 - 24, 2019.

The conference particularly encouraged the interaction of research students and developing academics with the more established academic community in an informal setting to present and to discuss new and current work. Their contributions helped to make the conference as outstanding as it has been. 

In addition to the contributed papers, Professor Carolan McLarney, Faculty of Management, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada delivered the speech "Home and Away:  The Effective Use of Simulations in Graduate Blended Learning Programs".

These Proceedings will furnish the scientists of the world with an excellent reference book. I trust also that this will be an impetus to stimulate further study and research in all these areas.

We thank all authors and participants for their contributions.

Professor Robert Holman 
Conference Chair

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